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Sex Differences in Chronic Kidney Disease
By Dr. Dugan Maddux, VP of Kidney Disease Initiatives
Research has shown that pregnancy can also increase the risk of kidney disease. For example, pre-eclampsia occurs in 3 to 10 percent of pregnancies and is associated with acute kidney injury (AKI), increased risk for hypertension as well as chronic kidney disease. Additionally, advanced CKD is a risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes. Women need special support to pursue and maintain safe pregnancies while living with CKD. With special care, including increased dialysis frequency and duration, successful pregnancies in ESRD have occurred.
Transplantation is another area where the playing field between men and women remains too far apart. Women are more likely to
While all the causes of increased adverse outcomes for women on dialysis
This year’s World Kidney Day happened to coincide with International Women’s Day, focusing on education about women and chronic kidney disease. We share the organizers’ goal of improving health outcomes and access to care for women and girls around the world.
The data we have on these sex differences is just the start. We must better understand the interplay of sex-related difference in CKD and treatment outcomes, such as the interplay of hormones and the dosing of medication for men compared to women. We must learn more about economic and social disparities unique to women that impact women’s health and the health of our communities. Then we must turn to
About Dr. Dugan Maddux:
Nephrologist Dugan Maddux champions FMCNA’s clinical innovation endeavors across the